Type 1 Diabetes: If person’s body is not making insulin at all, then insulin must be taken manually. Insulin is given by syringes, pens, or through a pump.
Type 2 Diabetes: If a person’s body is making insulin, yet not enough, diet and exercise are encouraged. If diet and exercise prove ineffective in regulating blood sugars, then oral medication is added to a treatment plan. If the oral medication is not enough, then a combination of oral medication with insulin therapy becomes necessary.