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Diabetes Facts
Nearly 26 million people in the United States have diabetes. More than 897,000 people in Ohio and more than 200,000 in Central Ohio have the disease. Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes among people aged 20 years or older in the United States, 2007Age 20 years or older: 23.5 million or 10.7% of all people in this age group have diabetes.

Age 60 years or older: 12.2 million or 23.1% of all people in this age group have diabetes.

Men: 12.0 million or 11.2% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes.

Women: 11.5 million or 10.2% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes.

Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce or respond to insulin, a hormone that allows blood glucose (sugar) to enter the cells of the body and be used for energy. Without insulin the body cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood. Over a period of time, high blood sugar can damage the cells in the body leading to problems such as blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, stroke, nerve damage and leg amputations.

Medication Information

Medications

Type 1 Diabetes: If person’s body is not making insulin at all, then insulin must be taken manually. Insulin is given by syringes, pens, or through a pump.

Type 2 Diabetes: If a person’s body is making insulin, yet not enough, diet and exercise are encouraged. If diet and exercise prove ineffective in regulating blood sugars, then oral medication is added to a treatment plan. If the oral medication is not enough, then a combination of oral medication with insulin therapy becomes necessary.